Course Information Undergraduate prospectus

Environmental Industrial Pollution

Course summary

Course code: OMED1164
Level: 6
Credits: 15
School: Architecture, Computing and Hums
Department: Built Environment
Course Coordinator(s): Konstantinos Evangelinos

Specification

Aims

The course aims to:

a) examine the relationship between work activities and their effect on the environment;
b) identify the main sources of man-made pollutants and examine their typical patterns of emission and distribution;
c) consider the technical and scientific control measures available to mitigate the impact of industrial emissions and discharges into the environment.

Learning outcomes

At the end of the course, the student will have:

h) Developed a systematic understanding of how work activities may present an risk to the environment;
i) Have a coherent and detailed knowledge of the nature, characteristics, sources and effects of waste, wastewater and emissions into the atmosphere;
j) The knowledge to identify the nature, characteristics, sources and effects of waste, wastewater and emissions into the atmosphere;
k) A conceptual understanding of the consequences of uncontrolled release of harmful or hazardous substances into the environment;
l) A conceptual understanding of the technical and scientific methods for treating, controlling or safely disposing of substances which could pose a threat to the environment should they be released as a result of work activities;
m) The skills to apply the methods and techniques that they have learned to review, consolidate, extend and apply their knowledge and understanding, and to initiate and carry out projects relating to the field of environmental and industrial pollution;
n) The ability to critically evaluate arguments, assumptions, abstract concepts and data (that may be incomplete), to make judgments, and to frame appropriate questions to achieve a solution - or identify a range of solutions - to an environment or industrial pollution problem;
o) The skills to communicate information, ideas, problems and solutions relating to environmental and industrial pollution to both specialist and non-specialist audiences.

Indicative content

Identification of work activities that may give rise to harmful or unwanted emissions into the atmosphere, discharges into water or deposit on land, fugitive emissions; ?planned? emissions; emissions as a result of other control measures, eg, local exhaust ventilation.

Effects of released substances and materials, general pollution of land, air and water; potential health effects of pollutants; effects on other organisms including plants. Environmental risk assessment. Accidental releases: fire and explosion potential; dense gases.

Air:

Air pollution terminology, sources of emissions ? combustion and non-combustion.

Dispersal: meteorology; effects of topographical features, natural and man-made; plume shape and dispersal; elementary mathematical modelling; chimney design and calculation of chimney heights for industrial and commercial plant and furnaces.

Nature and characteristics of emissions- particulate and gaseous control technologies


Wastewater:

Wastewater quality and characteristics ? BOD, COD, TOC, suspended solids.
Discharges of wastewater into watercourses and other bodies of water.
Treatment of industrial wastewaters ? flotation, equalization, neutralization, aeration, biological treatments, physico-chemical treatments.
Sludge treatment and disposal.


Waste:

Waste categorization ? household, commercial, industrial, clinical, agricultural. Sources, physical forms and characteristics of waste. Public health and safety aspects of waste. Waste at point of production ? scope for recycling and recovery, waste minimization, storage and on-site treatment and disposal.

Waste treatment ? pulverization, salvage, baling, composting; physico-chemical treatments of intractable wastes; waste transfer stations.

Landfill ? choice of site, environmental impact, suitability for use, restoration and after-care arrangements. Methods of waste deposition ? co-disposal, mono-disposal, lagooning; controlling leachate and landfill gas, site management.

Incineration with and without energy recovery ? principles, technology and environmental protection.

Waste minimisation, re-use and recycling strategies and techniques. Cost-benefit analysis of waste minimisation.

Composting and other novel waste treatment methods.

Noise:

Sources and characteristics of environmental noise, effect of environmental noise on communities, measuring environmental noise, behaviour of environmental noise, appropriate control measures.

Teaching and learning activity

The learning time for a 15 credit level 3 course is approximately 150 hours, and as the course is studied in distance learning mode, this will be largely student centred.

Students will receive comprehensive study materials together with supporting text books. There will also be at least one intensive study school, which will adopt a problem solving approach to the subject.

Throughout the texts there will be self assessment questions (SAQs), which will be linked in to the student website, and these will allow the students to monitor their understanding of principles, procedure and practice as they progress through the material. The answers can be monitored by tutors and feedback given. Where practicable, SAQs will be interactive.

Assessment

Assignment 1 (50%)
Essay discussing the effect of a specified work activity on the environment.

Assignment 2 (50%)
A report identifying the impact of a specified pollutant on the environment and the control measures available to deal with it.