Publications and reports Advanced Virtual and Technological Architecture Research (AVATAR) Laboratory

Adamatzky, A. Armstrong, R. Jones, J. and Gunji, Y.K. 2013. On the creativity of slime mould, International Journal of General Systems, 42(5), pp. 441-457.

Armstrong, R. 2011. Unconventional Computing in the Built Environment, International Journal of Nanotechnology and Molecular Computation, 3(1), pp. 1-12.

Armstrong, R. 2012. Living architecture: How synthetic biology can remake our cities and reshape our lives. Kindle Single, TED Books. [online]. Available at:  [Accessed 16 April 2013].

Armstrong, R. 2011. Is there something beyond 'outside of the box? Architectural Design. 81(6), pp.130-133.

Armstrong, R. 2011. How protocells can make stuff much more interesting, Architectural Design, 81(2), pp. 68-77.

Armstrong, R. and Beesley, P. 2011. Soil and protoplasm: The Hylozoic Ground project, Architectural Design, 81(2), pp. 78-89.

Armstrong, R. 2012. Print to protocell. In: B. Sheil, ed. Manufacturing the bespoke, making and prototyping architecture AD reader. London: John Wiley and Sons, Pp. 238-247.

Armstrong, R. 2011. Architectural Synthetic Ecologies. In: C. Daly, S. Hicks, A. Keene and R.R. Ricardo, eds. Paradigms of Nature: Post Natural Futures. Kerb 19. Journal of Landscape Architecture, Melbourne: Melbourne Books, pp.92-98.

Armstrong, R. 2011. Synthetic biology, Nemeton, September 2011, pp. 12-15.

Armstrong, R. 2010. "Hylozoic Ground Chemistries & Unanswered Questions on the Origins of Life", in Philip Beesley: Hylozoic Ground: Liminal Responsive Architecture, eds. Pernilla Ohrstedt & Hayley Isaacs, Riverside Architectural Press, Cambridge 2010, ISBN 978-1-926724-02-7, p. 124-141 & 191.

Armstrong, R. (2012) Future Venice. In: W. Myers and , eds. Bio Design: Nature Science Creativity, MOMA/Thames and Hudson, 2012. pp.72-73.

Armstrong, R., Spiller, N (2011) 'Protocell Architecture', Architectural Design, Volume 81, Issue 2, March/April 2011.

Armstrong, R. (2011) Architectural Synthetic Ecologies, Kerb – 19- Journal of Landscape Architecture, Paradigms of Nature: Post Natural Futures, Editors Caitrin Daly, Sarah Hicks, Adrian Keene and Ricky Ray Ricardo, Melbourne Books, Melbourne, Australia, pp.92-98.

Armstrong, R. (2011) Self-repairing architecture, Editors, Koert van Mensvoort and Hendrik-Jan Grievink, Actar, Barcelona, Spain, pp.186-189.

Armstrong, R., (2010) 'Living Architecture', News in Conservation, International Institute for Conservation, No. 20, pp.4-5.

Armstrong, R. 29 April 2013. Living buildings for tomorrow's cities, BBC Worldwide. [online] Available at:  [Accessed 6 September 2013].

Armstrong, R. 2013. How soil can help save the earth. Future Cities Supplement, The Times, p.9.

Armstrong, R. 29 May 2013. Disruptive technology: is business investing enough in the future? The Guardian. [online] Available at: . [Accessed 2 June 2013].

Armstrong, R. 5 December 2012. Lawless sustainability. [online] Available at: . [Accessed 16 April 2013].

Armstrong, R. (online) Megacities as Sites of Change: Integrating Adaptable Urban Systems, Week 3, BMW/Change Accelerators, Available at: 

Armstrong, R. (online) Bacteria, active paints and aquariums, The Raconteur, June 2012, Available at: 

Armstrong, R. (online), Soft Cities, Material Shifts, Editor Simone Ferracina, Organs Everywhere, Volume 4, pp.4-23. September 2012, Available at:

Armstrong, R. 6 September 2013. Project Persephone, Centauri Dreams. [online] Available at: [Accessed 7 September 2013].

Armstrong, R. 20 September 2013. Designing a sustainable interstellar worldship, Discovery News. [online] Available at: [Accessed 7 September 2013].

Spiller, N. 25 June 2013. New Designs breathe life back into the City, BBC Woldwide. [online] Available at:, [Accessed 6 September 2013].

Advanced Virtual and Technological Architecture Research (AVATAR) Laboratory is part of the Faculty of Architecture, Computing & Humanities, University of Greenwich.