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Copulas (e.g. the English verb to be) are an area of grammar where languages exhibit large variations. Some languages show no copula whatsoever in some instances, while other languages have four or five different copular forms. The type of variation is also diverse; in some languages the variation consists of contrasts between inflected/non-inflected forms (e.g., African American English, Green 2000), and others between different lexical copulas e.g., Spanish (Arche 2006, Fábregas 2012), Irish (Doherty 1996), Bambara (Koopman 2003), Tibetan (Garrett 2001), Odia (Mahapatra 2002), Saramaccan (Veenstra 2012), amongst many others. The rules determining variation also differ. In some languages variation depends on the tense on the clause (Hebrew, Rapoport 1987; Arabic, Benmamoun 2000; Russian, Turkish, Wetzer 1996, Stassen 1997, Baker 2003; or Sakha (Baker & Vinokurova 2012); in others on the predicate type. As for their morphology, some copulas are considered verbs while others are described as pronominal (e.g., Rapoport 1991; van Gelderen 2011), and prepositions are also found as sources for them (Pustet 2003).