Dr Lynn Hulse

Research Fellow

Dr Lynn Hulse is a psychologist who has worked with the interdisciplinary Fire Safety Engineering Group (FSEG) for more than a decade. Her research - with civilians and emergency services personnel - is ultimately focused on improving safety and security.

Current and past projects cover topics such as construction safety, road safety, fires, terrorist attacks and other emergencies. These projects include:

*Improving Evacuation Safety on Construction Sites - investigating the perceptions and behaviour of workers in a dynamic, hazardous environment in relation to risk and emergency evacuations.

*GATEway - gaining insight into road user (passenger, pedestrian) perceptions of and behaviour around autonomous vehicles.

*GEO-SAFE - identifying human behaviour associated with wildfire evacuation to help inform computer modellers, disaster managers and first responders.

*LIFEBID - working with Kent and other UK fire and rescue services to build a database of survivor accounts of accidental dwelling fires, the type of incident responsible for most fire-related injuries and deaths.

*BeSeCu - cross-cultural study of civilian and first responder behaviour in disasters and other emergency situations in order to better tailor security-related communication, instructions and procedures.

*HEED - investigation of the 9/11 World Trade Center attacks, collecting survivor accounts to understand occupant response and evacuation behaviour.

Prior to joining FSEG, Dr Hulse worked and studied at the University of Aberdeen in Scotland and was a visiting scholar at Simon Fraser University in Canada. She was also a member of a Scottish Executive steering group tasked with producing national guidance on investigative interviews with child witnesses as part of justice system reforms. Her research focused largely on how emotional arousal induced during serious crimes, such as attacks involving weapons, might affect the way a victim/witness perceives, attends to and remembers event details. It also focused on different aspects of memory (e.g. accuracy, completeness, recalling people's actions, recognising the perpetrator from a lineup) and in increasing the ecological validity of studies in this area (e.g. the use of firearms simulators).

Qualifications

PhD in Applied Cognitive/Forensic Psychology
MA(Hons) in Psychology
UCCPD in Forensic Road Collision Investigation

Recognition

Member of the Society for Applied Research in Memory and Cognition (SARMAC)

Research / Scholarly interests

- Human behavioural responses (emotions, cognitions, actions) to threatening situations

- Eyewitness memory

- Safety in buildings and other settings

- Emergency evacuations

Recent publications

Article

Hulse, Lynn M. , Galea, Edwin R., Thompson, Owain F., Wales, David (2019), Perception and recollection of fire hazards in dwelling fires. Elsevier. In: , , , . Elsevier, Safety Science, 122: 104518 ISSN: 0925-7535 (Print), (doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2019.104518) NB Item availability restricted.

Vaiciulyte, Sandra , Galea, Edwin R., Veeraswamy, Anand, Hulse, Lynn M. (2019), Island vulnerability and resilience to wildfires: A case study of Corsica. Elsevier. In: , , , . Elsevier, International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 40: 101272 ISSN: 2212-4209 (Print), 2212-4209 (Online) (doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2019.101272) NB Item availability restricted.

Thompson, Owain F. , Hulse, Lynn M., Galea, Edwin R. (2018), A review of the literature on human behaviour in dwelling fires. Elsevier. In: , , , . Elsevier, Safety Science, 109 . pp. 303-312 ISSN: 0925-7535 (Print), (doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.06.016).

Hulse, Lynn M. , Xie, Hui, Galea, Edwin R. (2017), Perceptions of autonomous vehicles: Relationships with road users, risk, gender and age. Elsevier. In: , , , . Elsevier, Safety Science, 102 . pp. 1-13 ISSN: 0925-7535 (Print), (doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2017.10.001) NB Item availability restricted.

Gwynne, S.M.V. , Hulse, L.M., Kinsey, M.J. (2016), Guidance for the model developer on representing human behavior in egress models. Springer US. In: , , , . Springer US, Fire Technology, 52 (3) . pp. 775-800 ISSN: 0015-2684 (Print), 1572-8099 (Online) (doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10694-015-0501-2) NB Item availability restricted.

Kehl, Doris , Knuth, Daniela, Hulse, Lynn, Schmidt, Silke (2014), Predictors of postevent distress and growth among firefighters after work-related emergencies — A cross-national study. American Psychological Association. In: , , , . American Psychological Association, Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 7 (3) . pp. 203-211 ISSN: 1942-9681 (Print), 1942-969X (Online) (doi: https://org/10.1037/a0037954).

Knuth, Daniela , Kehl, Doris, Hulse, Lynn, Schmidt, Silke (2014), Risk perception, experience, and objective risk: A cross-national study with European emergency survivors. Wiley-Blackwell. In: , , , . Wiley-Blackwell, Risk Analysis, 34 (7) . pp. 1286-1298 ISSN: 0272-4332 (Print), 1539-6924 (Online) (doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/risa.12157) NB Item availability restricted.

Kehl, Doris , Knuth, Daniela, Hulse, Lynn, Schmidt, Silke (2014), Posttraumatic reactions among firefighters after critical incidents: cross-national data. Taylor & Francis Group. In: , , , . Taylor & Francis Group, Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment and Trauma, 23 (8) . pp. 842-853 ISSN: 1092-6771 (Print), 1545-083X (Online) (doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10926771.2014.938143) NB Item availability restricted.

Kehl, Doris , Knuth, Daniela, Galea, Edwin, Hulse, Lynn , Sans, Jordi , Valles, Lola , Seidler, Frank , Diebe, Eberhard , Kecklund, Lena , Petterson, Sara (2014), Advancing disaster relief: Development of a self-report questionnaire for firefighters. American Psychological Association. In: , , , . American Psychological Association, International Perspectives in Psychology: Research, Practice, Consultation, 3 (3) . pp. 167-183 ISSN: 2157-3883 (Print), 2157-3891 (Online) (doi: https://doi.org/10.1037/a0036423) NB Item availability restricted.

Knuth, Daniela , Kehl, Doris, Holubová, Markéta, Hulse, Lynn , Schmidt, Silke (2014), Relationships between firefighters’ post-event distress and growth at different times after distressing incidents. American Psychological Association. In: , , , . American Psychological Association, Traumatology: An International Journal, 20 (4) . pp. 253-261 ISSN: 1534-7656 (Print), 1085-9373 (Online) (doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1037/h0099832).

Knuth, D. , Kehl, D., Hulse, L., Spangenberg, L. , Brähler, E. , Schmidt, S. (2014), Risk perception and emergency experience: comparing a representative German sample with German emergency survivors. Taylor & Francis Group. In: , , , . Taylor & Francis Group, Journal of Risk Research, 18 (5) . pp. 581-601 ISSN: 1366-9877 (Print), 1466-4461 (Online) (doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13669877.2014.910685) NB Item availability restricted.

Grimm, Anna , Hulse, Lynn, Preiss, Marek, Schmidt, Silke (2013), Behavioural, emotional, and cognitive responses in European disasters: results of survivor interviews. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.. In: , , , . John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Disasters, 38 (1) . pp. 62-83 ISSN: 0361-3666 (Print), 1467-7717 (Online) (doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/disa.12034) NB Item availability restricted.

Knuth, Daniela , Kehl, Doris, Galea, Ed, Hulse, Lynn , Sans, Jordi , Vallès, Lola , Roiha, Malin , Seidler, Frank , Diebe, Eberhard , Kecklund, Lena (2013), BeSeCu-S – a self-report instrument for emergency survivors. Taylor & Francis Group. In: , , , . Taylor & Francis Group, Journal of Risk Research, 17 (5) . pp. 601-620 ISSN: 1366-9877 (Print), 1466-4461 (Online) (doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13669877.2013.815649) NB Item availability restricted.

Day, Rachel C. , Hulse, Lynn M., Galea, Edwin R. (2013), Response phase behaviours and response time predictors of the 9/11 World Trade Center evacuation. Springer US. In: , , , . Springer US, Fire Technology, 49 (3) . pp. 657-678 ISSN: 0015-2684 (Print), 1572-8099 (Online) (doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10694-012-0282-9).

Knuth, Daniela , Kehl, Doris, Hulse, Lynn, Schmidt, Silke (2012), Perievent distress during fires - The impact of perceived emergency. Elsevier Ltd.. In: , , , . Elsevier Ltd., Journal of Environmental Psychology, 34 . pp. 10-17 ISSN: 0272-4944 (Print), (doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2012.12.002).

Grimm, Anna , Hulse, Lynn, Preiss, Marek, Schmidt, Silke (2012), Post- and peritraumatic stress in disaster survivors: An explorative study about the influence of individual and event characteristics across different types of disasters. Coaction Publishing. In: , , , . Coaction Publishing, European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 3 . pp. 7382-7390 ISSN: 2000-8066 (Print), (doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ejpt.v3i0.7382).

Grimm, Anna , Hulse, Lynn, Schmidt, Silke (2012), Human responses to disasters: a pilot study on peritraumatic emotional and cognitive processing. PsychOpen. In: , , , . PsychOpen, Europe’s Journal of Psychology, 8 (1) . pp. 112-138 ISSN: 1841-0413 (Print), (doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v8i1.303).

Galea, Edwin R. , Hulse, Lynn, Day, Rachel, Siddiqui, Asim , Sharp, Gary (2011), The UK WTC 9/11 evacuation study: an overview of findings derived from first-hand interview data and computer modelling. John Wiley & Sons Ltd.. In: , , , . John Wiley & Sons Ltd., Fire and Materials, 36 (5-6) . pp. 501-521 ISSN: 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/fam.1070).

Book section

Grimm, Anna , Hulse, Lynn, Schmidt, Silke (2013), Results of focus groups and scenario pretest. Pabst Science Publishers. In: , , In: Silke Schmidt, Ed Galea (eds.), Behaviour- Security- Culture Human Behaviour in Emergencies and Disasters: A Cross-Cultural Investigatio. Pabst Science Publishers, Lengerich, Germany . pp. 46-49 . ISBN: 9783899678673 (doi: http://www.pabst-science-publishers.com/index.php?30&backPID=30&swords=galea&tt_products=164).

Grimm, Anna , Hulse, Lynn, Schmidt, Silke (2013), Risk perception: Differences in perceived risk of emergencies and disasters across Europe- Data from the pilot study. Pabst Science Publishers. In: , , In: Silke Schmidt, Ed Galea (eds.), Behaviour- Security- Culture Human behaviour in emergencies and disasters: A cross-cultural investigatio. Pabst Science Publishers, Lengerich, Germany . pp. 50-59 . ISBN: 9783899678673 (doi: http://www.pabst-science-publishers.com/index.php?30&backPID=30&swords=galea&tt_products=164).

Schmidt, Silke , Hulse, Lynn, Galea, Ed (2013), Background. Pabst Science Publishers. In: , , In: Silke Schmidt, Ed Galea (eds.), Behaviour - Security - Culture Human Behaviour in Emergencies and Disasters: A Cross-Cultural Investigatio. Pabst Science Publishers, Lengerich, Germany . pp. 11-25 . ISBN: 9783899678673 (doi: http://www.pabst-science-publishers.com/index.php?30&backPID=30&swords=galea&tt_products=164).

Conference proceedings

Hulse, Lynn M. , Galea, Edwin R., Wales, David, Thompson, Owain F. , Siddiqui, Asim (2015), Recollection of flame height and smoke volume in domestic fires. Interscience Communications Ltd. In: , , , Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire, 201. Interscience Communications Ltd, London , 6 . pp. 453-464 . ISBN: 9780993393303 (doi: ).

Wales, David G. , Thompson, Owain F., Hulse, Lynn, Galea, Edwin R. (2015), From data to difference – considering the application of a large-scale database of human behaviour in accidental dwelling fires. Interscience Communications Ltd. In: , , , Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire, 201. Interscience Communications Ltd, London , 6 . pp. 465-476 . ISBN: 9780993393303 (doi: ).

Thompson, Owain , Hulse, Lynn, Wales, David, Galea, Edwin (2013), "Get out, stay out" versus occupier independence: the results of an 18 month study of human behaviour in accidental dwelling fires in Kent. Interscience Communications. In: , , , Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2013: 13th International Fire Science and Engineering Conferenc. Interscience Communications, Greenwich, London, UK , 2 . pp. 943-954 . ISBN: 9780955654893 (doi: ).

Hulse, Lynn M. and , Galea, Edwin R. (2012), The UK BESECU firefighter study: A study of UK firefighters' emotional, cognitive and behavioural reactions to emergencies. Interscience Communications Ltd. In: , , , 5th International Symposium. Human Behaviour in Fire 2012. Symposium Proceeding. Interscience Communications Ltd, Greenwich, London, UK . pp. 86-97 . ISBN: 9780955654886 (doi: ).

Galea, Edwin , Deere, S., Sharp, G., Filippidis, L. , Hulse, L. (2010), Investigating the impact of culture on evacuation behaviour. Interscience Communications. In: , , , Interflam 2010: 12th International Fire Science & Engineering Conferenc. Interscience Communications, Greenwich, London, UK , 1 . pp. 879-892 . ISBN: 9780954121655 (doi: ).

Galea, Edwin R. , Hulse, Lynn, Day, Rachel, Siddiqui, Asim , Sharp, Gary , Boyce, Karen , Summerfield, Louise , Canter, David , Marselle, Melisa , Greenall, Paul V. (2010), The UK WTC9/11 evacuation study: an overview of the methodologies employed and some preliminary analysis. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. In: , , In: Wolfram W.F. Klingsch, Christian Rogsch, Andreas Schadschneider, Michael Schreckenberg (eds.), Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 200. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin / Heidelberg, Germany . pp. 3-24 . ISBN: 9783642045035 (print), 9783642045042 (eISBN) (doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2_1).

Kinsey, Michael J. , Galea, Edwin R., Lawrence, Peter J., Blackshields, Darren , Hulse, Lynn , Day, Rachel , Sharp, Gary (2010), Modelling pedestrian escalator behaviour. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. In: , , In: Wolfram W.F. Klingsch, Christian Rogsch, Andreas Schadschneider, Michael Schreckenberg (eds.), Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 200. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin / Heidelberg, Germany . pp. 689-695 . ISBN: 9783642045035 (print), 9783642045035 (eISBN) (doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2_66).

Monograph

Galea, E. R. , Deere, S., Xie, H., Hulse, L. , Cooney, D. (2019), Construction site evacuation safety: Evacuation strategies for tall construction sites: Research report. IOSH (Institution of Occupational Safety and Health). In: , , , . IOSH (Institution of Occupational Safety and Health), Wigston, Leicestershire (doi: https://www.iosh.com/constructionevacuation).

Galea, E. R. , Deere, S., Xie, H., Hulse, L. , Cooney, D. (2019), Construction site evacuation safety: Evacuation strategies for tall construction sites: Research summary. IOSH (Institution of Occupational Safety and Health). In: , , , . IOSH (Institution of Occupational Safety and Health), Wigston, Leicestershire (doi: https://www.iosh.com/constructionevacuation).