Dr Argyro Karanasiou LLB (Hons), LLM, PhD

Senior Lecturer in Law

I am a Senior Lecturer in Law at the School of Law & Criminology of the University of Greenwich, responsible for launching and leading the LLB module "Information Technology Law". Prior to this post, I was a Senior Lecturer and a Research Associate at the Faculty of Media and Communication at Bournemouth University (2012-2019), where I launched, designed and led the LLM module "Cyberlaw".

I hold a PhD in law from the University of Leeds, an LLM and an LLB (Hons) from the National & Kapodistrian University of Athens (Greece). Since September 2016, I am a Visiting Research Fellow at Yale Law School's ISP Center and a PRG Alumna at the NYU Information Law Institute (US). Since 2014, I am affiliate Harvard Law Faculty staff for their course CopyrightX.

My research interests span a wide range of areas from regulating Human Computer Interfaces (especially in wearable tech/IoT) to AI, BCI and data protection: the underlying theme for these projects has been the reconceptualization of autonomy in the era of automation. To date, I have given 38 invited talks at international conferences and another 12 contributions to internet-related policy-making fora: in January 2016 I joined the Electronic Frontiers Foundation (EFF) group of experts on Free Trade Agreements and human rights. In February 2016 I was invited by the Royal Society to provide evidence on the legal and regulatory issues raised by Machine Learning. Since then I have presented my research on several occasions: My latest research on Automated Decision Making and Human-Computer Interfaces has been presented at the AALS (American Association of Law Schools) in San Francisco, at the CodeX seminars at Stanford Law School, and at the International Conference on AI & Law (ICAIL) in London. Further to this, I have been invited to present my work at the Zvi Meitar Center in Israel and at the CPDP 2018 in Brussels. In April 2018, I joined the panel of experts for the AI & Augmented Cognition 2030, a project funded by USAF (US Air Force). 

In the past I have served as a contracted consultant for the Council of Europe (regional South Eastern Europe expert in Media), as an OSCE expert for Online Media, and a registered European Commission expert for European Research & Innovation. I am also an Attorney-at-law (NP - Athens Bar Association, GR) since 2006. I speak English, Russian, German, Spanish and Greek.




Grants / Awards

(i) External Funding Bodies:

  • Santander Mobility Research Grant for the project "13AI: A Series of Transatlantic Dialogues" - awarded 2016.
  • OpenCon Scholarship (Open Access, Open Data & Open Education), American University, Washington - awarded 2016.
  • Internet Society (ISOC) New Leader's Programme Grant to IGF Ambassadors (awarded twice, in 2013 and in 2015).
  • Google travel fund for the 1st Internet & Society Symposium in the Humboldt Internet Institute in Berlin (invitation-only event) - awarded 2011.
  • PhD scholarship by the Sir Richard Stapley Educational Trust Fund - awarded 2010
  • Erasmus Scholarship, Westfälische Wilhelms Universität (Law Faculty), Münster, Germany - awarded 2002.

(ii) Internal Funding:

  • Knowledge Exchange and Impact: Student Bank Project. RKEO, Bournemouth University - Funded Research Assistant for the project "13AI" - awarded 2018.
  • Faculty for Media & Communications, Bournemouth University - QR Funded Research Leave - awarded 2016.
  • Centre for Intellectual Property Policy & Management (CIPPM), Bournemouth University: Research Centre Development Fund: Civic Lex Lab project - awarded 2014.
  • Bournemouth University - Festival of Learning 2013-2014: Themed panel "Law & Popular Culture" - awarded 2013.
  • Pro-Vice Chancellor Award (Research and Innovation), Bournemouth University - PhD fully funded studentship for the project: "A Legal Framework for Big Data" - awarded 2013.
  • University of Leeds - Cross Faculty Double Conference Fund (ESSL and PVAC) for the International Conference: Human Rights in the Digital Era - awarded 2010.


Indications of Peer Esteem:

  • Invited Panellist at the CPDP (Computers, Privacy & Data Protection) 2018 (Internet of Bodies - University of Turin panel) and 2015 (Online Free Speech - University of Amsterdam panel).
  • Expert panel member for the AI & Augmented Cognition project, USAF (US Air Force) (April 2018).
  • Invited discussant on IT Governance, The Royal Institute of International Affairs, Chatham House (06/03/2018).
  • Invited Talk at the Zvi Meitar Institute (Herzliya, Israel) for the International Conference on Algorithms in Society &
    Law (December 2018).
  • Invited Lecture at the CodeX Research Series, Stanford Law School (09/03/2017).
  • Invited Lecture at the Rafik Hariri Institute for Computing, Boston University (30/11/2016).
  • Invited by the Royal Society to submit evidence on regulating Machine Learning, London (02/2016).
  • Invited Expert by the Electronic Frontiers Foundation (EFF) to the Strategy Meeting on Free Trade Agreements (Brussels, 27-28/1/2016).
  • Appointed as External Evaluator for the Newbreed doctoral programme at Örebro University, Sweden (Oct 2017).
  • Invited Expert to the "Big Data" Conference, Institute for Society & Technology (ITS, FGV), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Nov 2015.
  • Invited PC (Programme Committee) member to the following international conferences: GigaNET, Mexico 2016; ICA 2016: Power, Communication and Technology in Internet Governance, Tokyo 2016.
  • Invited Regional Expert by the Council of Europe to the event: "Media Impact in Reconciliation Processes", Prishtina, Kosovo (22nd October 2014).
  • Invited Expert on Free Media by the OSCE (Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe) representative on Freedom of the Media, sessions on Open Journalism (19th September 2014) and Internet Intermediaries (10th December 2015) Vienna, Austria.
  • Invited speaker to the international workshop on 'The alternative internet(s) - state of the art and the possible future' at the London School of Economics (supported by the CNRS, French National Center for Scientific Research).
  • 15/16 September 2014 - Appointment as a PbD (Privacy by Design) Ambassador by the Information Commissioner in Ontario (Canada), Ann Cavoukian (July 2014).
  • Appointment as an Internet Society IGF Ambassador (Next Generation Leaders) for  the 2013 Internet Governance Forum - Bali, Indonesia (October 2013) and as a Returning Ambassador and a DiploFoundation Rapporteur for the 2015 Internet Governance Forum - Joao Pessoa, Brazil (November 2015).
  • Co-editor for the European Journal of Law and Technology (EJLT) special Issue: "Human Rights in the Digital Era", Vol 3(3) 2012 (with S Basu).
  • Editorial advisory board member for: A Solo (ed.) Political Activism in the Information Age (IGI Global 2014); J Bishop (ed.) Political Campaigning in the Information Age (IGI Global 2014).
  • Reviewer for panel and paper submissions on Digital Humanities and Social Networks to the IR 15: Boundaries and Intersections, Daegu 2014 (Association of Internet Researchers).
  • Occasional reviewer for the International Journal of Law and Information Technology, the International Journal for Computers, Law and Technology (ICLT), International Human Rights Journal (IHR),  Journal of Peer Production (JoPP), University of New South Wales Journal (UNSWJ), SCRIPT-ed (University of Edinburgh).

Visiting Researcher / Mobility / Training & Professional Development

  1. Visiting Research Fellow (2016, -), Internet Society Project (ISP), Yale Law School, New Haven, USA.
  2. Cybersecurity & Internet Governance Programme Affiliate (Jan 2017, -): Indiana University, Bloomington, USA.
  3. Visiting Researcher (Jan - Feb 2017): Georgetown Law School, Center on Privacy & Technology, Washington DC.
  4. Visiting Researcher - PRG Alumna (Aug 2016, -): Information Law Institute (ILI), New York University (NYU).
  5. Invited & Sponsored Participant, 2012 Summer School on Online Free Expression: Central European University (Budapest) in collaboration with the University of Pennsylvania, Internews and the Center for Democracy and Society.
  6. Invited Guest: Humboldt Institut für Internet und Gesellschaft (Berlin, October 2011), Google travel fund.
  7. Erasmus scholar: Institut für Informations, Telekommunikations & Medienrecht (Münster, 2002-2003).

Professional (Non-academic) Activities & Consultancy

  • Oct 2014: Council of Europe Regional Expert – appointed consultant for the project "Promoting Freedom of Expression and Information and Freedom of the Media in South-East Europe" (Voluntary Contribution of Norway).
  • Sept 2014: Digital Media Expert for the OSCE (Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe) Representative on Freedom of Media, project: "Promoting Democratic Media Freedom - Open Journalism".
  • Aug - Nov 2015: Internet Society (ISOC) Ambassador for the 2013 Internet Governance Forum (Indonesia) and Returning ISOC Ambassador & DiploFoundation Rapporteur for the 2015 Internet Governance Forum (Brazil).
  • Oct 2005 - July 2009: Associate Legal Advisor, Technical University of Athens, Greece (In-house legal advice and court-room advocacy).
  • 2004 - 2005: Legal Council of State Appointment for internship at the Greek Ministry of Culture. Experience in drafting briefs and research support for cases in all procedural processes and hearings before the Greek Supreme Court.

Research / Scholarly interests

  • Automated Decision Making
  • Data Protection & Emerging Tech
  • IoT & Health Data
  • Internet & Data Driven Governance

Recent publications


  • A Karanasiou, The Problematic of the Basic Stockholder (Sakkoulas, Athens 2007) ISBN 9789601517476. 
    • Indexed in Curia (2) 2007 (Liste de documents catalogués par la Bibliothèque de la Cour de justice des Communautés européennes).
    • Citations: L Papadopoulou Legal Principles & Policy (Student Handbook, Open Greek University 2008) 105, D Nikiforos, ΤοΣ 3/2011 n 10 (constitutionalism.gr).

Papers in Peer-reviewed Journals / Proceedings

  • A Karanasiou, "On Being Transhuman: The Legal Challenges posed by Brain-Machine Interfaces", in W Barfield (ed) Cambridge Handbook on Law and Algorithms (working paper).
  • A Karanasiou, S Hourani, "Algorithmically Driven Dispute Resolution and the E-Consumer: A Trust Building Exercise Falling through the Cracks of Data Protection" (working paper).
  • A Karanasiou, D Pinotsis, "Towards a Legal Definition of Machine Intelligence: The Argument for Artificial Personhood in the Age of Deep Learning" (Conference Proceedings ICAIL '17, June 12-16, 2017, London, United Kingdom) ACM ISBN 978-1-4503-4891-1/17/06, http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/3086512.3086524.
  • A Karanasiou, D Pinotsis, "A Study into the Layers of Automated Decision Making: Emergent Normative and Legal Aspects of Deep Learning" (International Journal for Law, Computers and Technology "Justice in Algorithmic Robes" special issue, Vol 2/ 2017).
  • A Karanasiou, "Law Encoded: Towards a Free Speech Policy Model Based on Net Decentralised Architectures" in F Musiani, C Meadel Reclaiming the Internet with Distributed Architectures (First Monday special anniversary issue – Dec 2016).
  • A Karanasiou, E Douilhet, "Never Mind the Data: The Legal Quest towards Propertisation of Big Data" (IEEE proceedings for the 2016 IEEE International Conference on Cloud Engineering, IEEE Xplore Repository, 2016).
  • A Karanasiou, S Kang, "My Quantified Self, My FitBit and I: The Polymorphic Concept of Health Data and the Sharer's Dilemma", Digital Culture and Society: Quantified Self, Statistic Bodies, Vol 2 (1) 2016 - 03/2016.
  • E Douilhet, A Karanasiou "Legal Responses to the Commodification of Personal Data in the Era of Big Data: The Paradigm Shift from Data Protection towards Data Ownership" in Singh, M. K. and Gak, D. K., eds. Effective Data Management and Opportunities for Implementation. IGI Global, pp. 128-136. (June 2016).
  • A Karanasiou, "Towards a Magna Carta for the Internet: A right to Online Protests?" in Balcells, J., Cerrillo i Martínez, A., Peguera, M., Peña-López, I., Pifarré de Moner, M.J., & Vilasau Solana, M. (coords.) (2014). Internet, Law and Politics. A decade of transformations. [http://edcp.uoc.edu/proceedings_idp2014.pdf].
  • A Karanasiou, "The Changing Face of Protests in the Digital Era: On Occupying Cyberspace and DDoS", International Review for Law, Computers and Technology (IRLCT), Vol 1 (2014).
  • A Karanasiou, "Respecting Context: A New Deal for Free Speech in the Digital Era", European Journal of Law and Technology (EJLT) Vol 3, No 3 (2012).
  • A Karanasiou, "On Balancing Free Speech in a Digital Context", Masaryk University Journal of Law and Technology (MUJLT), Vol 2 (2012).
  • A Karanasiou, "Electronic Document and Digital Signature" (in Greek, Applied Research Review Vol X 1 2005 257.
  • A Karanasiou, "Managerial Control and the Workers' Union" (in Greek, Management & Economics 2 2005 211).
  • A Karanasiou, "Issue of Payment Warrant Based on Electronic Documents"(in Greek, Dike Int 2002, D 33 560).
  • A Karanasiou, "EU and the Middle East: Terrorism as a Common Threat" (in Greek, Foreign Affairs Stand, 2002 62 - Proceedings of the 6th Pan-Hellenic Youth Parliament, hosted by SAFIA and the UN.

Book Reviews

  • Review for: Perznanowsi, A. and Schultz, J. The End of Ownership: Personal Property in the Digital Economy (MIT Press, 2016) – Commissioned by: Script-Ed (Jan 2018).
  • Review for: Meyer, E.T and Schroeder, R Knowledge Machines: Digital Transformations of the Sciences and Humanities (MIT Press 2015) – Commissioned by: Digital Icons (March 2018).

Contributions to Policy Making

Amicus Briefs

  • Homeaway.com, Inc. and Airbnb, Inc. v. City of Santa Monica, No. 18-55367 (U.S. Ninth Circuit, 2017)
  • Co-signer to Brief of Internet, Business, and Local Government Law Professors as Amici Curiae in Support of Defendant.

Articles in Non-refereed Journals / Online Blogs


  • 09/05/2019: "BMI and the user's autonomy in commercial IoT", Neurotech Meets AI, Munich, Germany.
  • 24/01/2018: "The Right to Understand the Algorithm: GDPR's Impact on the AI Industry" (Invited Talk), Computers, Privacy & Data Protection International Conference, Brussels, Belgium.
  • 18/12/2017: "AI & Multi-Modal Data Fusion: Falling through the cracks of the GDPR" – (Invited Talk), International Conference on Algorithms in Society & Law, Zvi Meitar Institute for Legal Implications of Emerging Technologies, Hetzliya- Israel.
  • 12/6/2017: "Towards a Legal Definition of Machine Intelligence: The Argument for Artificial Personhood in the age of Deep Learning" – 16th International Conference on AI & Law (ICAIL), King's College London, UK.
  • 10/6/2017: "The Promises and Perils of a Data Driven Market: How is AI Affecting Consumers" – (Invited Talk), Advanced Colloquium on Trading with the Consumer in the Digital Age, Centre for Intellectual Property Policy & Management (CIPPM), BU UK.
  • 02/5/2017: "Be Quiet! You Will Wake Up Alexa!" – Ethical and Legal Implications of Human Machine Interaction in the era of Social Robots – An invited Café Scientifique talk for the Bournemouth Community (Café Boscanova), UK.
  • 08/3/2017: "Regulating Data Flows in Automated Systems: The Case of Driverless Vehicles", Invited talk at CodeX – Stanford Law School, USA.
  • 04/3/2017: "What's on Your Mind? Ethical and Legal Considerations of Wearable Tech as Neuro-Data Mining Tools", 7th Annual Internet Law Works-In-Progress Conference, High Tech Law Institute - Santa Clara, USA.
  • 05/1/2017: "Of 'Intelligence and Will' Embedded in Deep Learning Algorithms: A Normative Interpretation of Opacity in Automated Decision Making Systems", AALS (American Association of Law Schools) – Panel on AI, Internet of Things & Social Values, San Francisco CA, USA.
  • 30/11/2016: "Emergent Normative and Legal Aspects of Automated Systems: The Intricacies of Machine Learning Algorithms", invited lecture, Hariri Institute, Boston University, Boston MA, USA.
  • 02/11/2016: "Being Singular: The Legal Fallacy of Anthropomorphism and Sentient Machines", ISP Yale Fellows Research Seminar, Internet Society Project, Yale Law School, New Haven, USA.
  • 28/10/2016: "The 2016 UNCITRAL Technical Notes on ODR and the E-Consumer: A Critical Analysis of the Independence and Impartiality of Algorithmically Driven Arbitration" (co-authored with Dr S Hourani), ASIL (American Association for International Law) DRIG, Yale Center for Private Law, Yale University, New Haven, USA.
  • 17/10/2016: "Maintaining the Integrity of the Procedure: Legal Implications for Artificial-Intelligence supporting ODR and Arbitration"(co-authored with Dr S Hourani) – International Istanbul Law Congress, Turkey.
  • 12/05/2016: "Towards a Fair Digital Single Market: The Unsettling Case of Consumer's Rights in the EU" (co-authored with Dr S Hourani) – EUIA International Conference "The European Union in International Affairs V", Brussels. Belgium.
  • 08/04/2016: "Never Mind the Data: The Legal Quest over Control of Information & the Networked Self", IEEE 2nd Workshop on Legal and Technical Issues in Cloud Computing and Cloud-Supported Internet of Things (as part of IC2E 2016: IEEE International Conference on Cloud Engineering and IoTDI 2016: IEEE International Conference on Internet-of-Things Design and Implementation (co-authored with E Douilhet), Berlin, Germany.
  • 10-11/03/2016: "On Breaking Online Cartels: Law & Economics of Big Data Markets" – invited talk to COURAGE – CAMINO – CyberROAD joint conference on "Emerging and Current Challenges in Cybercrime and Cyberterrorism", The Hague, The Netherlands.
  • 28/01/2016: "The Rapid Globalisation of Trade Agreements in the Digital Era: Towards a Harmonised E-Consumers Framework Adopting Core Principles of Internet Governance" – invited expert to the EFF (Electronic Frontier Foundation) Strategy Meeting on Catalyzing Reform of Trade Negotiation Processes, Brussels, Belgium.
  • 28/11/2015: "The Rise of Data Driven Internet Governance: Marco Civil da Internet and the Market for Loyalties", (co-authored with A Soares Kemmer), XIII International Conference Cyberspace, Brno, Czech Republic.
  • 18/11/2015: "Big Data Laundering: From Zero Rating to Zero Taxing Online", invited talk to the Federal State Attorney's Office (Procuradoria Geral) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
  • 17/11/2015: "Big Data Laundering & the User's Autonomy", invited talk to UNI-RIO, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
  • 17/11/2015: "Data Retention and Big Data" (invited discussant), Workshop on Big Data (invitation only event) – Institute for Technology & Society (FGV), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
  • 22/10/2015: "Autonomy in the Era of Automation: The Troublesome Notion of Algorithmic Accountability", invited talk at the APC International Conference, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
  • 24/09/2015: "Never Mind the Data" (co-authored with E Douilhet), International Colloquium for Early Career Researchers, Humboldt Institute for Internet and Society (HIIG), Berlin, Germany.
  • 10/07/2015: "The Economics of Amnesia: The Right to be Forgotten and the Market for Loyalties", invited talk at the Annenberg - Oxford Summer School, Oxford, UK.
  • 02/03/2015: "Contemporary ICT issues in Europe: A Closer Look on Wearable Tech", invited guest to round table discussion with the Berkman Fellows, Berkman Institute, Harvard School of Law, Boston, USA.
  • 23-25/02/2015: "I Can Read Your Mind: When IoT Hack Human Rights" International Conference on Technology Knowledge and Society (Big Data and the Politics of Participation in a Digital Age), UC Berkeley USA.
  • 21-23/01/2015: "Quantified Self and Self-realization: Autonomy in the Era of Automation", invited panellist, Computers, Privacy & Data Protection International Conference, Brussels, Belgium.
  • 22/10/2014: "Building Bridges: The Role of Online Media in Reconciliation Process" (Keynote Speech), Council of Europe Media Impact in Reconciliation Conference, Pristina, Kosovo.
  • 2-5/10/2014, "Law Encoded: Towards a Free Speech Policy Model Based on Net Decentralised Architectures", speaker, ADAM Symposium, Paris, France.
  • 3-4/07/2014: "On Digital Sit-ins: The Internet on Strike", speaker, 10th International Conference on Internet, Law & Politics (IDP 2014): A decade of transformations, Barcelona, Spain.
  • 15/04/2014: "The World's Fair 2014: Internet of Things, Internet of Rights?" 29th BILETA, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK.
  • 16/09/2013: "Lessons learned from the great Lobachevski: Monopoly of knowledge 2.0"– GikII, Bournemouth, UK.
  • 06/06/2013: "Regulating in Uncertainty: 3D Printing, DDoS and the Law", invited speaker - DEC, Symposium "Enterprise Security: Mitigating Fear, Uncertainty and Doubt", Bournemouth, UK.
  • 11/04/2013: "Occupy Cyberspace: DDoS as a Form of Protest", Speaker, 28th annual BILETA, Liverpool, UK.
  • 20-21/09/2012: "From Big Data to Big Trouble: How can the law help?" poster, "Internet, Politics, Policy 2012: Big Data, Big Challenges?" - Oxford Internet Institute, Oxford UK.
  • 6-8/06/2012: "From Big Data to Big Trouble; Need a Lawyer?" poster, SCRIPT, University of Edinburgh, UK.
  • 6-8/06/2012: "The Oxymoron of Free Yet Controlled Data", speaker, SCRIPT, University of Edinburgh, UK.
  • 29-30/03/2012: "A New Deal for Online Speech: Balancing in the Digital Era", BILETA, Newcastle, UK.
  • 16/09/2011: "Human Rights in the Digital Era", Organising Committee Chair, Leeds, UK.
  • 25-28/10/2011: Inaugural Internet & Society International Symposium (invited and sponsored participant by Google), Humboldt University (HIIG), Berlin, Germany.
  • 25-26/11/2011: "Free Speech Online and the Fragile Equilibrium: Towards Human Rights Digitization", speaker, 9th International Cyberspace Conference, Brno, Czech Republic.