Argyro Karanasiou

Dr Argyro Karanasiou LLB (Hons), LLM, PhD

Associate Professor of Information Technology Law

Dr Argyro Karanasiou is the Director of LETS Lab (Law, Emerging Tech & Science) and a leading expert in Information Technology Law. Her work has been at the forefront of fostering ‘law and emerging technologies’ as a sub-field of legal and transdisciplinary scholarship and has earned her visiting research affiliations with Yale Law School (ISP Alumna), NYU Law (ILI Alumna), Harvard Law (affiliate Faculty staff CopyX), Complutense Madrid (ITC).

She is actively involved in several technology policy and related initiatives in the UK and worldwide, including those concerned with the regulation of AI, one of her key research interests. In particular, she has contributed invited expert insights on a number of occasions, most notably for the Equality and Human Rights Commission (AI in recruitment – 2020), the Chatham House (Internet Governance – 2018), the US Air Force (AI & Augmented Cognition – 2018), the Royal Society (Machine Learning – 2016), and the Electronic Frontiers Foundation (Free Trade Agreements and Human Rights – 2016).

Furthermore, she has served as a contracted consultant for the Council of Europe (regional South Eastern Europe expert in Media), and as an OSCE expert for Online Media. In recognition of her work, Dr Karanasiou has been appointed a Privacy-by-Design Ambassador by the Information Commissioner in Ontario, Canada, and has been awarded twice the Internet Society IGF Ambassadorship, in 2013 (Indonesia) and in 2015 (Brazil). She has also as an served expert evaluator for the Swiss National Foundation and for the Newbreed doctoral programme in Sweden and as an expert reviewer for the Oxford University Press Information Technology & Communications Law series.



Responsibilities within the university

  • Director of LETS Lab (Law, Emerging Tech & Science) 
  • Postgraduate Research Programme Leader (LAC)
  • Post-Graduate Research Admissions Coordinator (LAC)
  • UoA18 REF Panel member, School of Law and Criminology
  • Equality, Diversity, and Inclusion representative for the School of Law & Criminology University REF Panel member


(i) Awards & External Appointments:

  • Invited External Evaluator for the Swiss National Foundation (2020) and for the Newbreed doctoral programme at Örebro University, Sweden (2020). I am also a registered reviewer for the European Commission's Innovation and Networks Executive Agency
  • External Examiner – University of Sussex, LLM Information Technology and Intellectual Property Law (2015- 2019)
  • Steering Committee (elected Chair of Communications) - Global Internet Governance Academic Network (2015-2016)
  • Privacy by Design Ambassadorship, awarded by the Information Commissioner in Ontario, Canada (2014)

Internet Governance Ambassadorship (Next Generation Leaders), awarded by the Information Society twice: for the 2013 Internet Governance Forum (Indonesia) and for the 2015 Internet Governance Forum (Brazil)

(ii) Recognition of research by the wider academic and policy community

Contributions to leading international transdisciplinary conferences, including:



(i) Invited expert specialist for the projects/panels:

  • AI in Recruitment project, Equality and Human Rights Commission (London, 2020)
  • AI & Augmented Cognition project, US Air Force (2018)
  • Internet Governance panel, Royal Institute of International Affairs, Chatham House (London, 2018)
  • Regulating Machine Learning, Royal Society (London, 2016)
  • Strategy Meeting on Free Trade Agreements, Electronic Frontiers Foundation (Brussels, 2016)
  • Big Data, Institute for Society & Technology, Fundação Getulio Vargas (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 2015)
  • Internet Intermediaries, OSCE (Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe) representative on Freedom of the Media (Vienna, 2015)
  • Open Journalism, OSCE (Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe) representative on Freedom of the Media (Vienna, 2014)
  • “The alternative internet(s)”, London School of Economics (London, 2014)
  • “Media Impact in Reconciliation Processes”, Council of Europe (Kosovo, 2014)

(ii) Invited lectures/research talks to the following Universities/research fora:

  • Complutense Universidad- Instituto de Tecnología del Conocimiento, ITC Fellows meeting (Madrid 2019)
  • University of Turin - Computers Privacy & Data Protection panel (Brussels 2018)
  • IDC Herzliya - Atara Kaufman Conference, invited alongside Profs Nimmer (UCLA), Menell (Berkeley) and Elkin-Koren (University of Haifa/Harvard) (Israel 2017)
  • Stanford University – CodeX Research group meeting (2017)
  • New York University – Institute for Information Law, Privacy Research Group (New York 2017)
  • Yale University – Information Society Project, Fellows Meeting (New Haven 2016)
  • Boston University - Rafik Hariri Institute for Computing, together with Dr Pinotsis (MIT) (Boston 2016)
  • University of Amsterdam – Amsterdam Privacy panel, invited alongside Profs Cohen (Georgetown) and de Filippi (CNRS/Harvard) (Amsterdam 2015)
  • University of Oxford – Annenberg Oxford Media Policy Summer Institute (Oxford, 2015)
  • Rio Federal State Attorney’s Office – Invited lecture by the Attorney General of the State of Rio de Janeiro (Procuradoria Geral do Estado do Rio de Janeiro) (Brazil, 2015)
  • University of Amsterdam – Computers Privacy & Data Protection panel (Brussels 2015)

Research / Scholarly interests

    Argyro’s principal research interests are in regulatory design of emerging technologies, particularly looking at the promotion of autonomy in times of rapid automation within and beyond the digital sphere.

    She welcomes enquiries from motivated and qualified applicants from all around the world who are interested in pursuing PhD study under her supervision. 

    Below is a list of current and past funded research projects:

    (i) Current funded projects:

  • Innovate UK – project “DATUM: Small Data Mining for Sustainable and Ethical Consumption” (together with ZU-UK, Body\>Data\>Space, and Greenwich research centers CLEIS and BHRE) – £228.900, awarded 2021.
  • Higher Education Investment Fund, University of Greenwich (in collaboration with the School of Computing) – “LexMachina: Computable Laws”– £19.373, awarded 2021.
  • Office for Research & Enterprise, University of Greenwich – project “Tech Me Out” – £858, awarded 2021.
  • (ii) Past funded projects:

  • Peter Harris Trust Fund – project “Digital Rights 2.0” – 2020 (£1500).
  • Erasmus+ grant – Interdisciplinary collaboration with Complutense University in Madrid – 2019 (£1180).
  • Knowledge Exchange and Impact scheme, Bournemouth University – Project “Chatbots” – 2018 (£2250).
  • Santander grant - “13AI: A Series of Transatlantic Dialogues” – 2016 (£6000).
  • SPARC OpenCon travel grant (Open Access, Open Data & Open Education) Washington – 2016 ($2500).
  • Internet Society New Leader’s Programme grant (awarded twice, in 2013 - $4258, and in 2015 - $4000).
  • Pro-Vice Chancellor Award (Research and Innovation), BU – Supervision of PhD project on Big Data (fully funded) - 2013.
  • Google travel grant – Inaugural Internet & Society Symposium, Humboldt Internet Institute, Berlin – 2011 ($1000).
  • Sir Richard Stapley Educational Trust Fund – “Free Speech in the Digital Era” – 2010 (£800).
  • Cross Faculty Fund, University of Leeds - Project “Human Rights in the Digital Era” – (£1500) 2010.

Professional affiliations/associations

  • Yale Law School – ISP Alumna
  • NYU Law School – ILI Alumna
  • Harvard Law School – Affiliate Faculty staff for CopyX
  • Global Legal Tech Consortium – Member
  • Athens Bar Association – Member (Non-practising barrister)
  • Global Internet Governance Academic Network (GigaNET) – Member
  • Society of Legal Scholas (SLS) – Member
  • Socio-Legal Studies Association (SLSA) - Member

Recent publications


  • A Karanasiou, The Problematic of the Basic Stockholder (Sakkoulas, Athens 2007) ISBN 9789601517476. 
    • Indexed in Curia (2) 2007 (Liste de documents catalogués par la Bibliothèque de la Cour de justice des Communautés européennes).
    • Citations: L Papadopoulou Legal Principles & Policy (Student Handbook, Open Greek University 2008) 105, D Nikiforos, ΤοΣ 3/2011 n 10 (

Papers in Peer-reviewed Journals / Proceedings

  • A Karanasiou, "On Being Transhuman: The Legal Challenges posed by Brain-Machine Interfaces", in W Barfield (ed) Cambridge Handbook on Law and Algorithms (working paper).
  • A Karanasiou, S Hourani, "Algorithmically Driven Dispute Resolution and the E-Consumer: A Trust Building Exercise Falling through the Cracks of Data Protection" (working paper).
  • A Karanasiou, D Pinotsis, "Towards a Legal Definition of Machine Intelligence: The Argument for Artificial Personhood in the Age of Deep Learning" (Conference Proceedings ICAIL '17, June 12-16, 2017, London, United Kingdom) ACM ISBN 978-1-4503-4891-1/17/06,
  • A Karanasiou, D Pinotsis, "A Study into the Layers of Automated Decision Making: Emergent Normative and Legal Aspects of Deep Learning" (International Journal for Law, Computers and Technology "Justice in Algorithmic Robes" special issue, Vol 2/ 2017).
  • A Karanasiou, "Law Encoded: Towards a Free Speech Policy Model Based on Net Decentralised Architectures" in F Musiani, C Meadel Reclaiming the Internet with Distributed Architectures (First Monday special anniversary issue – Dec 2016).
  • A Karanasiou, E Douilhet, "Never Mind the Data: The Legal Quest towards Propertisation of Big Data" (IEEE proceedings for the 2016 IEEE International Conference on Cloud Engineering, IEEE Xplore Repository, 2016).
  • A Karanasiou, S Kang, "My Quantified Self, My FitBit and I: The Polymorphic Concept of Health Data and the Sharer's Dilemma", Digital Culture and Society: Quantified Self, Statistic Bodies, Vol 2 (1) 2016 - 03/2016.
  • E Douilhet, A Karanasiou "Legal Responses to the Commodification of Personal Data in the Era of Big Data: The Paradigm Shift from Data Protection towards Data Ownership" in Singh, M. K. and Gak, D. K., eds. Effective Data Management and Opportunities for Implementation. IGI Global, pp. 128-136. (June 2016).
  • A Karanasiou, "Towards a Magna Carta for the Internet: A right to Online Protests?" in Balcells, J., Cerrillo i Martínez, A., Peguera, M., Peña-López, I., Pifarré de Moner, M.J., & Vilasau Solana, M. (coords.) (2014). Internet, Law and Politics. A decade of transformations. [].
  • A Karanasiou, "The Changing Face of Protests in the Digital Era: On Occupying Cyberspace and DDoS", International Review for Law, Computers and Technology (IRLCT), Vol 1 (2014).
  • A Karanasiou, "Respecting Context: A New Deal for Free Speech in the Digital Era", European Journal of Law and Technology (EJLT) Vol 3, No 3 (2012).
  • A Karanasiou, "On Balancing Free Speech in a Digital Context", Masaryk University Journal of Law and Technology (MUJLT), Vol 2 (2012).
  • A Karanasiou, "Electronic Document and Digital Signature" (in Greek, Applied Research Review Vol X 1 2005 257.
  • A Karanasiou, "Managerial Control and the Workers' Union" (in Greek, Management & Economics 2 2005 211).
  • A Karanasiou, "Issue of Payment Warrant Based on Electronic Documents"(in Greek, Dike Int 2002, D 33 560).
  • A Karanasiou, "EU and the Middle East: Terrorism as a Common Threat" (in Greek, Foreign Affairs Stand, 2002 62 - Proceedings of the 6th Pan-Hellenic Youth Parliament, hosted by SAFIA and the UN.

Book Reviews

  • Review for: Perznanowsi, A. and Schultz, J. The End of Ownership: Personal Property in the Digital Economy (MIT Press, 2016) – Commissioned by: Script-Ed (Jan 2018).
  • Review for: Meyer, E.T and Schroeder, R Knowledge Machines: Digital Transformations of the Sciences and Humanities (MIT Press 2015) – Commissioned by: Digital Icons (March 2018).

Contributions to Policy Making

Amicus Briefs

  •, Inc. and Airbnb, Inc. v. City of Santa Monica, No. 18-55367 (U.S. Ninth Circuit, 2017)
  • Co-signer to Brief of Internet, Business, and Local Government Law Professors as Amici Curiae in Support of Defendant.

Articles in Non-refereed Journals / Online Blogs


  • 09/05/2019: "BMI and the user's autonomy in commercial IoT", Neurotech Meets AI, Munich, Germany.
  • 24/01/2018: "The Right to Understand the Algorithm: GDPR's Impact on the AI Industry" (Invited Talk), Computers, Privacy & Data Protection International Conference, Brussels, Belgium.
  • 18/12/2017: "AI & Multi-Modal Data Fusion: Falling through the cracks of the GDPR" – (Invited Talk), International Conference on Algorithms in Society & Law, Zvi Meitar Institute for Legal Implications of Emerging Technologies, Hetzliya- Israel.
  • 12/6/2017: "Towards a Legal Definition of Machine Intelligence: The Argument for Artificial Personhood in the age of Deep Learning" – 16th International Conference on AI & Law (ICAIL), King's College London, UK.
  • 10/6/2017: "The Promises and Perils of a Data Driven Market: How is AI Affecting Consumers" – (Invited Talk), Advanced Colloquium on Trading with the Consumer in the Digital Age, Centre for Intellectual Property Policy & Management (CIPPM), BU UK.
  • 02/5/2017: "Be Quiet! You Will Wake Up Alexa!" – Ethical and Legal Implications of Human Machine Interaction in the era of Social Robots – An invited Café Scientifique talk for the Bournemouth Community (Café Boscanova), UK.
  • 08/3/2017: "Regulating Data Flows in Automated Systems: The Case of Driverless Vehicles", Invited talk at CodeX – Stanford Law School, USA.
  • 04/3/2017: "What's on Your Mind? Ethical and Legal Considerations of Wearable Tech as Neuro-Data Mining Tools", 7th Annual Internet Law Works-In-Progress Conference, High Tech Law Institute - Santa Clara, USA.
  • 05/1/2017: "Of 'Intelligence and Will' Embedded in Deep Learning Algorithms: A Normative Interpretation of Opacity in Automated Decision Making Systems", AALS (American Association of Law Schools) – Panel on AI, Internet of Things & Social Values, San Francisco CA, USA.
  • 30/11/2016: "Emergent Normative and Legal Aspects of Automated Systems: The Intricacies of Machine Learning Algorithms", invited lecture, Hariri Institute, Boston University, Boston MA, USA.
  • 02/11/2016: "Being Singular: The Legal Fallacy of Anthropomorphism and Sentient Machines", ISP Yale Fellows Research Seminar, Internet Society Project, Yale Law School, New Haven, USA.
  • 28/10/2016: "The 2016 UNCITRAL Technical Notes on ODR and the E-Consumer: A Critical Analysis of the Independence and Impartiality of Algorithmically Driven Arbitration" (co-authored with Dr S Hourani), ASIL (American Association for International Law) DRIG, Yale Center for Private Law, Yale University, New Haven, USA.
  • 17/10/2016: "Maintaining the Integrity of the Procedure: Legal Implications for Artificial-Intelligence supporting ODR and Arbitration"(co-authored with Dr S Hourani) – International Istanbul Law Congress, Turkey.
  • 12/05/2016: "Towards a Fair Digital Single Market: The Unsettling Case of Consumer's Rights in the EU" (co-authored with Dr S Hourani) – EUIA International Conference "The European Union in International Affairs V", Brussels. Belgium.
  • 08/04/2016: "Never Mind the Data: The Legal Quest over Control of Information & the Networked Self", IEEE 2nd Workshop on Legal and Technical Issues in Cloud Computing and Cloud-Supported Internet of Things (as part of IC2E 2016: IEEE International Conference on Cloud Engineering and IoTDI 2016: IEEE International Conference on Internet-of-Things Design and Implementation (co-authored with E Douilhet), Berlin, Germany.
  • 10-11/03/2016: "On Breaking Online Cartels: Law & Economics of Big Data Markets" – invited talk to COURAGE – CAMINO – CyberROAD joint conference on "Emerging and Current Challenges in Cybercrime and Cyberterrorism", The Hague, The Netherlands.
  • 28/01/2016: "The Rapid Globalisation of Trade Agreements in the Digital Era: Towards a Harmonised E-Consumers Framework Adopting Core Principles of Internet Governance" – invited expert to the EFF (Electronic Frontier Foundation) Strategy Meeting on Catalyzing Reform of Trade Negotiation Processes, Brussels, Belgium.
  • 28/11/2015: "The Rise of Data Driven Internet Governance: Marco Civil da Internet and the Market for Loyalties", (co-authored with A Soares Kemmer), XIII International Conference Cyberspace, Brno, Czech Republic.
  • 18/11/2015: "Big Data Laundering: From Zero Rating to Zero Taxing Online", invited talk to the Federal State Attorney's Office (Procuradoria Geral) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
  • 17/11/2015: "Big Data Laundering & the User's Autonomy", invited talk to UNI-RIO, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
  • 17/11/2015: "Data Retention and Big Data" (invited discussant), Workshop on Big Data (invitation only event) – Institute for Technology & Society (FGV), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
  • 22/10/2015: "Autonomy in the Era of Automation: The Troublesome Notion of Algorithmic Accountability", invited talk at the APC International Conference, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
  • 24/09/2015: "Never Mind the Data" (co-authored with E Douilhet), International Colloquium for Early Career Researchers, Humboldt Institute for Internet and Society (HIIG), Berlin, Germany.
  • 10/07/2015: "The Economics of Amnesia: The Right to be Forgotten and the Market for Loyalties", invited talk at the Annenberg - Oxford Summer School, Oxford, UK.
  • 02/03/2015: "Contemporary ICT issues in Europe: A Closer Look on Wearable Tech", invited guest to round table discussion with the Berkman Fellows, Berkman Institute, Harvard School of Law, Boston, USA.
  • 23-25/02/2015: "I Can Read Your Mind: When IoT Hack Human Rights" International Conference on Technology Knowledge and Society (Big Data and the Politics of Participation in a Digital Age), UC Berkeley USA.
  • 21-23/01/2015: "Quantified Self and Self-realization: Autonomy in the Era of Automation", invited panellist, Computers, Privacy & Data Protection International Conference, Brussels, Belgium.
  • 22/10/2014: "Building Bridges: The Role of Online Media in Reconciliation Process" (Keynote Speech), Council of Europe Media Impact in Reconciliation Conference, Pristina, Kosovo.
  • 2-5/10/2014, "Law Encoded: Towards a Free Speech Policy Model Based on Net Decentralised Architectures", speaker, ADAM Symposium, Paris, France.
  • 3-4/07/2014: "On Digital Sit-ins: The Internet on Strike", speaker, 10th International Conference on Internet, Law & Politics (IDP 2014): A decade of transformations, Barcelona, Spain.
  • 15/04/2014: "The World's Fair 2014: Internet of Things, Internet of Rights?" 29th BILETA, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK.
  • 16/09/2013: "Lessons learned from the great Lobachevski: Monopoly of knowledge 2.0"– GikII, Bournemouth, UK.
  • 06/06/2013: "Regulating in Uncertainty: 3D Printing, DDoS and the Law", invited speaker - DEC, Symposium "Enterprise Security: Mitigating Fear, Uncertainty and Doubt", Bournemouth, UK.
  • 11/04/2013: "Occupy Cyberspace: DDoS as a Form of Protest", Speaker, 28th annual BILETA, Liverpool, UK.
  • 20-21/09/2012: "From Big Data to Big Trouble: How can the law help?" poster, "Internet, Politics, Policy 2012: Big Data, Big Challenges?" - Oxford Internet Institute, Oxford UK.
  • 6-8/06/2012: "From Big Data to Big Trouble; Need a Lawyer?" poster, SCRIPT, University of Edinburgh, UK.
  • 6-8/06/2012: "The Oxymoron of Free Yet Controlled Data", speaker, SCRIPT, University of Edinburgh, UK.
  • 29-30/03/2012: "A New Deal for Online Speech: Balancing in the Digital Era", BILETA, Newcastle, UK.
  • 16/09/2011: "Human Rights in the Digital Era", Organising Committee Chair, Leeds, UK.
  • 25-28/10/2011: Inaugural Internet & Society International Symposium (invited and sponsored participant by Google), Humboldt University (HIIG), Berlin, Germany.
  • 25-26/11/2011: "Free Speech Online and the Fragile Equilibrium: Towards Human Rights Digitization", speaker, 9th International Cyberspace Conference, Brno, Czech Republic.