Design and Materials

Module summary

Module code: GEEN1127
Level: 4
Credits: 30
School: Engineering and Science
Department: Engineering
Module Coordinator(s): Chi Le / Mark Bingley



The course provides an introduction to the methods and practice of engineering design, allowing the student to become acquainted with the basic principles of design and the design process. This will include the important link between design and manufacture. The course also aims to develop the student`s visual thinking skills by giving them practice in sketching, and CAD drawing. Finally, the development of transferable skills, including team working, verbal and written communication skills will be practiced during a group design and make exercise.

Learning outcomes

On successful completion of this course a student will be able to:
1 Understand and apply the principles of conceptual design and be able to explain the rationale of an engineering design choice they have made.
2 Understand the fundamental principles governing the engineering properties of materials and the interaction with processing.
3 Choose appropriate materials for a given application using a rational selection process.
4 Apply project-planning principles and recognise the importance of team working.
5 Communicate verbally and in written form details of an engineering design process.
6 Prepare simple sketches, detailed layout drawings, and interpret them as corresponding 3D objects.
7 Produce fabrication drawings (blueprints) of components to ensure that they perform the desired function and can be manufactured.

Indicative content

• The Design Process: methods and practice of engineering design; total design; market requirement; product design specification; conceptual design; detailed design; product specification.
• Design Considerations: materials selection; manufacturing process selection; manufacturing; costing; marketing; design for sustainability and product life cycle assessment.
• Materials Properties and Selection: materials and process information for design; materials properties; mechanical, electrical, thermal, general properties; stiffness limited design; strength limited design; fracture limited design; surface degradation of materials.
• Project Planning: team working; design management; decision making; costing tools; sources of literature and information; intellectual property rights; product safety and liability.
• Engineering Communication Skills: sketching; rendering; visualisation of 3D objects; orthographic projection; dimensioning to British and international standards; 2D CAD dimensioned and annotated drawings (using subject specific software); 3D solid CAD models of parts and assembly and corresponding orthographic drawings; Application of CAD to rapid prototyping.
• Group Design and Make Project; An extended group (4-6 members) design and make project will be carried out (either subject specific or cross-discipline) making use of the above skills and knowledge.

Teaching and learning activity

Part 1
Lectures will examine the design process and project planning aspects. These will be supplemented by tutorials. Sketching and CAD will be introduced in supervised laboratory sessions. Students will be provided with a set of notes allowing a self-teaching programmed learning approach. Students will be expected to develop their skills by following a set of exercises of increasing complexity. A detailed conceptual design exercise will provide a summative assessment to this part of the course.
An understanding of materials will be gained through lectures and supplementary tutorials. It is intended to use a design led approach in which the materials are matched to the property requirements. Once this is established the fundamental science underpinning the properties will be explored. The interrelationship between properties and manufacturing will also be considered. An exam will assess the student`s knowledge and understanding of materials.

Part 2
Students will take part in a group activity – a design and make exercise. This will integrate aspects of the design work that they have carried out in Part 1 as well as aspects of Level 4 engineering science theory. Each group (of around 4-6 students) will be allocated a supervisor who will facilitate progress on the project. Students must communicate details of their design through a group oral presentation and a written report. An individual logbook is to be kept by each student-recording group and individual activities contributing to the project.

Greenwich Graduate Attributes
& Autonomy
SA1 Have an informed
understanding of their
discipline or professional
practice, and the ability to
its principles,
and boundaries.

SA2 Think independently,
analytically and creatively,
and engage imaginatively
with new areas of

SA3 Appreciate disciplines and
forms of
practice beyond their own and draw connections

SA4 Are intellectually curious,
responsive to challenges,
and demonstrate
initiative and resilience.
& Enterprise
CE1 Recognise and create
opportunities, and respond effectively to unfamiliar or unprecedented situations or problems

CE2 Generate new ideas and
develop creative solutions
or syntheses.
CE3 Communicate clearly and
effectively, in a range of
forms, taking account of
different audiences

CE4 Make use of familiar and
emerging information & communication technologies
CE5 Seize and shape the opportunities open to them on leaving university.

CCI1 Engage effectively in
groups whose members are from diverse backgrounds

CCI2 Appreciate the importance of behaving sustainably

CCI3 Move fluently between different cultural,social and political contexts

CCI4 Value the ability to
communicate in more than one language

Course Activities & Greenwich Graduate Activities
Course Activity Greenwich Graduate Attribute
Materials and Process
Selection Activities SA1; SA2; SA3; CE1; CE2; CE3; CE4; CCI2
Design Principles SA2; SA3; SA4; CE1; CE3; CE4;
Conceptual Design Exercise SA2; SA3; SA4; CE1; CE2; CE3; CE4;
Group Design Exercise SA1; SA2; SA3; SA4; CE1; CE2; CE3; CE4; CCI1; CCI2;


Students are required to pass all components in order to pass the course.
In order to meet professional body requirements, students are expected to pass this course at 40% overall and with a minimum of 30% for each component.

Conceptual Design Exercise - 20%
LO - 1,2,6.
Pass mark - 40%
Detailed design exercise will integrate the skills and knowledge that the students learn in Part 1 lectures and exercises.

Examination (Materials) - 20%
LO - 1-7.
Pass mark - 40%
2-hour end of year unseen exam.

Group Design and Make Exercise - 60%
LO - 1-7.
Pass mark - 40%
Group Design Report of prescribed length and standardised format. A peer group assessment form is used to assess individual contributions to the project. In addition, each student must keep an individual log book in which their own contribution to the project is to be highlighted.

Nature of FORMATIVE assessment supporting student learning:
Mock exam in term 2 in addition to tutorial questions