Dr Panos Kloukinas

Dr Panos Kloukinas

Senior Lecturer in Civil Engineering

Dr Panos Kloukinas joined the University of Greenwich in September 2018. He was previously a Senior Research Associate in Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering at the University of Bristol, UK (since December 2013). He holds a 5-year Diploma Degree in Civil Engineering (2003) and a MSc Degree (2006) from the University of Patras, Greece. In 2012 he earned a PhD degree from the same institution, with dissertation title "Contributions to Static and Seismic Analysis of Retaining Walls by Theoretical and Experimental Methods" (Advisor: Professor George Mylonakis).

His research interests include Earthquake Geotechnics, Wave Propagation, Seismic Soil-Structure Interaction (with emphasis on Dynamics of Retaining Structures), Computational Geomechanics (with emphasis on finite-element and finite-difference formulations), Limit Analysis, Foundation Engineering and Engineering Geology. He has broad experience in analytical, computational and experimental research, including field and laboratory testing methods on soils, construction materials and structures. His previous research post was exclusively related to Earthquake Engineering problems and Shaking Table modelling.

He has also professional consulting experience and significant teaching experience on the same topics:

University of Bristol, UK: Teaching Assistant 2014-2018.
Computer Laboratory courses on: Soil-Structure-Interaction

University of Patras, Greece: Teaching Assistant 2006-2012
Laboratory courses on: Soil Mechanics, Geotechnical Exploration Methods and Geology for Civil Engineers

Technological Educational Institute of Patras, Adjunct Lecturer 2007 – 2011
Laboratory courses on: Soil Mechanics and Rock Mechanics & Tunneling

Dr Kloukinas is a member of various professional and scientific bodies and associations related to Civil and Earthquake Engineering. He has been member of Review Committee and Technical Secretariat in national and international Conferences, and reviewer for peer-reviewed journals in the field. He as authored and co-authored more than forty articles in peer-review journals and conference proceedings, as well as a number of chapters in special publications and web-reports. He currently holds an honorary visiting researcher status at the University of Bristol, UK, being affiliated with the Earthquake and Geotechnical Engineering and the Engineering for International Development research groups. He participates as a University of Greenwich partner in the EPSRC Global Challenges Research Fund – PREPARE (EP/P028233/1) project: "Enhancing PREParedness for East African Countries through Seismic Resilience Engineering".

Responsibilities within the university

Module coordinator

CIVI1129 - Geotechnics, Level 6 (year 3 BEng), Standard double term (15 credit units)

GEOL1028 – Advanced Geotechnical Engineering, Level 7 (Year 4 MEng, MSc). Spring term (15 credit units)

Tutor for Mechanical Engineering cluster

MATH1145 – Engineering Mathematics2, Level 2 (year 2 BEng), Standard double term (15 credit units)


  • 2017 ICE South West Region, civil engineering project awards.
  • Showcase Award for "Nuclear research seismic studies", by the University of Bristol (awarded as research team member)


Member of various professional and scientific bodies and association related to Civil and Earthquake Engineering, such as:

  • Society for Earthquake and Civil Engineering Dynamics (SECED)
  • Hellenic Society of Earthquake Engineering (ETAM)
  • Hellenic Association for Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering
  • International Society for Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering – ISSMGE
  • Greek Society of Civil Engineers
  • Technical Chamber of Greece
  • Reviewer in established journals, such as Soil Dynamics & Earthquake Engineering, Elsevier, Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering - ASCE, Journal of Engineering Mechanics – ASCE, Geotechnique -ICE.

    Research / Scholarly interests

    Dr Kloukinas has contributed to the field of seismic resilience of structures and critical infrastructure, as well as the resilience of vulnerable communities and systems in developing countries. The specific topics are of high importance in a rapidly changing world characterised by continuously emerging needs, increasing levels of demand and severe environmental challenges, which are either triggered or escalated by the climate change. In these conditions, Engineering has an important role to play reducing the risks and uncertainties, by creating new knowledge and by providing novel solutions and technology. Dr Kloukinas is currently working on developing novel testing methods and low-cost engineering solutions applicable to developing countries.

    Key funded projects

    EDF "Graphite Core PLEX: Rig Work for Seismic Behaviour with Extensive Component Failures", EDF Energy – Atkins – University of Bristol, Research Associate (2014-2017).


    Sponsored by EDF-Energy Ltd, the PLEX (Plant Life Extension) project initiated in 2008, with a £6.5M investment to date. The main objective of the project is the validation of EDF's numerical modelling systems (GCORE, SOLFEC etc). This is vital as many of the UK's older, graphite core reactors are reaching the end of their estimated life cycle and new nuclear plants are yet to be available. Validation is carried out by testing a quarter scale physical model of a nuclear core (built by the PLEX team) on the shaking table in the Earthquake and Large Structures Lab, to reveal important insights into an aged graphite core's seismic behaviour and integrity. Information from the experimental programme now provides essential validation of the complex numerical models that are used to underpin the AGR seismic safety case arguments for life extension to 2023 of the oldest AGR stations. The project is led by the University of Bristol (UoB) in close collaboration with EDF and Atkins, who manage the GCORE modelling system for EDF. Tests carried out by the PLEX team on the physical model in the lab are mirrored in the numerical model by the Atkins team. The bespoke rig contains over 40,000 components and 3,200 sensors in a package measuring approximately 2.5x2.5x2.0m. The rig development involved integration of high precision structural engineering and manufacturing, innovative electronic sensor development, cutting edge data analysis and experimental techniques. This is a unique, highly innovative and technically challenging earthquake engineering project that has provided vital evidence to underpin the seismic safety assessment of EDF Energy's ageing Advanced Gas‐cooled Reactor (AGR) nuclear power station fleet.

    Key outcomes of the project are:

    • A better understanding of the behaviour within an ageing graphite core in the case of a seismic event.
    • Reassurance in the output of the EDF numerical modelling systems.
    • Evidence supplied by the University feeds into the Safety Case presented quarterly to the Office for Nuclear Regulation.
    • Evidence that a graphite core near the end of its design life can still be operated and shutdown safely after a seismic event.
    • Justification of plant life extension.

    EPSRC Global Challenges Research Fund – PREPARE (EP/P028233/1)

    Title: "Enhancing PREParedness for East African Countries through Seismic Resilience Engineering"

    (Senior Research Associate, University of Bristol, 2017 - 2/2019; Co-I and partner, University of Greenwich, 3/2019 – to date).


    PREPARE is a 3-year EPSRC-Global Challenges Research Fund (GCRF) project (May 2017 to October 2020, with total award value of £1.38M), which tackles the global challenge of improving the earthquake disaster preparedness for East African countries by developing integrated earthquake impact assessment tools in close partnerships with local governmental and academic institutions. The project addresses the key scientific challenges in characterising the earthquake rupture potential in the East African Rift zone and applies advanced seismic resilience engineering methods to evaluate seismic vulnerability of unreinforced masonry structures in East Africa (both experimentally and numerically) and to develop effective low-cost solutions for enhanced community resilience. The PREPARE team brings in a unique set of expertise and skills in earthquake, geotechnical, infrastructure engineering, engineering seismology, geodesy, and geology. Through collaboration with local partners in East Africa, PREPARE will transform novel scientific results into practical guidelines and outputs to achieve improved seismic risk reduction. The research objectives of PREPARE are fivefold: (1) to develop integrated seismic risk assessment tools for East African countries. The tools treat alternative hypotheses and uncertainties associated with hazard, exposure, and vulnerability components comprehensively and consistently; (2) to co-produce a variety of seismic hazard-risk maps and seismic design guidelines in close collaboration with local governmental and academic partners. As part of co-production, bilateral visits of researchers and staff are arranged to consolidate long-term relationships; (3) to improve the knowledge on tectonic behaviour of major fault systems in East Africa by gathering new field data (geology and GPS) and by analysing the regional seismicity data. The new findings will be used to update the fault-based seismic hazard model; (4) to develop bespoke seismic vulnerability models of unreinforced masonry (brick) constructions in East Africa through an extensive experimental programme (i.e. material testing of local bricks and pull-over testing of real-scale brick walls) and advanced structural modelling; and (5) to investigate the effectiveness of low-cost engineering solutions to improve the seismic resilience of the buildings and infrastructure in East Africa.

    Recent publications


    Goda, Katsuichiro , Novelli, Viviana, De Risi, Raffaele, Kloukinas, Panos , Giordano, Nicola , Macdonald, John , Kafodya, Innocent , Ngoma, Ignasio , Voyagaki, Elia (2021), Scenario-based earthquake risk assessment for central-southern Malawi: the case of the Bilila-Mtakataka fault. Elsevier. In: , , , . Elsevier, International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 67: 102655 ISSN: 2212-4209 (Print), (doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2021.102655).

    Oddbjornsson, Olafur , Kloukinas, Panos, Gokse, Tansu, Bourne, Kate , Horseman, Tony , Dihoru, Luiza , Dietz, Matt , White, Rory E. , Crewe, Adam J. , Taylor, Collin A. (2021), Design and calibration of a hall effect system for measurement of six-degree-of-freedom motion within a stacked column. MDPI. In: , , , . MDPI, Sensors, 21: 3740 (11) 1424-8220 (Online) (doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/s21113740).

    Giordano, Nicola , De Risi, Raffaele, Voyagaki, Elia, Kloukinas, Panos , Novelli, Viviana , Kafodya, Innocent , Ngoma, Ignasio , Goda, Katsuichiro , Macdonald, John (2021), Seismic fragility models for typical non-engineered URM residential buildings in Malawi. Elsevier. In: , , , . Elsevier, Structures, 32 . pp. 2266-2278 2352-0124 (Online) (doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.istruc.2021.03.118).

    White, Rory , Gokce, Tansu, Oddbjornsson, Olafur, Bourne, Kate , Crewe, Adam , Dihoru, Luiza , Horseman, Tony , Dietz, Matthew , Kloukinas, Panos , Taylor, Colin (2021), A mathematical framework for evaluation of column shape profiles for an advanced gas-cooled reactor core model subject to seismic excitation. Elsevier. In: , , , . Elsevier, Nuclear Engineering and Design, 391: 111735 ISSN: 0029-5493 (Print), (doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nucengdes.2022.111735).

    Novelli, Viviana Iris , De Risi, Raffaele, Ngoma, Ignasio, Kafodya, Innocent , Kloukinas, Panos , Macdonald, John , Goda, Katsuichiro (2021), Fragility curves for non-engineered masonry buildings in developing countries derived from real data based on structural surveys and laboratory tests. Springer. In: , , , . Springer, Soft Computing, 25 (8) . pp. 6113-6138 ISSN: 1432-7643 (Print), 1433-7479 (Online) (doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00500-021-05603-w).

    Kloukinas, Panos , Novelli, Viviana, Kafodya, Innocent, Ngoma, Ignasio , Macdonald, John , Goda, Katsuichiro (2019), A building classification scheme of housing stock in Malawi for earthquake risk assessment. Springer Netherlands. In: , , , . Springer Netherlands, Journal of Housing and the Built Environment, 35 (2) . pp. 507-537 ISSN: 1566-4910 (Print), 1573-7772 (Online) (doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10901-019-09697-5).

    Kafodya, Innocent , Okonta, Felix, Kloukinas, Panos (2019), Role of fiber inclusion in adobe masonry construction. Elsevier. In: , , , . Elsevier, Journal of Building Engineering, 26: 100904 2352-7102 (Online) (doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jobe.2019.100904).

    Ngoma, Ignasio , Kafodya, Innocent, Kloukinas, Panos, Novelli, Viviana , Macdonald, John , Goda, Katsuichiro (2019), Building classification and seismic vulnerability of current housing construction in Malawi. Faculty of Science, Chancellor College in Malawi. In: , , , . Faculty of Science, Chancellor College in Malawi, Journal of Housing and the Built Environment, 11: 175085 (1) . pp. 57-72 ISSN: 1019-7079 (Print), (doi: https://www.ajol.info/index.php/mjst/article/view/185783).

    Dihoru, Luiza , Crewe, Adam J., Horseman, Tony, Dietz, Matt , Oddbjornsson, Olafur , Kloukinas, Panos , Voyagaki, Elia , Taylor, Colin A. (2019), A computer vision approach for dynamic tracking of components in a nuclear reactor core model. Elsevier. In: , , , . Elsevier, Nuclear Engineering and Design, 344 . pp. 1-14 ISSN: 0029-5493 (Print), (doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nucengdes.2019.01.017).

    Voyagaki, Elia , Kloukinas, Panos, Dietz, Matt, Dihoru, Luiza , Horseman, Tony , Oddbjornsson, Olafur , Crewe, Adam J. , Taylor, Colin A. , Steer, Alan , EDF Energy (2018), Earthquake response of a multiblock nuclear reactor graphite core: experimental model vs simulations. Wiley. In: , , , . Wiley, Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, 47 (13) . pp. 2601-2626 ISSN: 0098-8847 (Print), 1096-9845 (Online) (doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/eqe.3100).

    Dihoru, Luiza , Dietz, Matt, Horseman, Tony, Kloukinas, Panos , Oddbjornsson, Olafur , Voyagaki, Elia , Crewe, Adam J. , Taylor, Colin A. , EDF Energy (2018), Neural networks for displacement analysis in an advanced gas cooled reactor core model. Elsevier. In: , , , . Elsevier, Nuclear Engineering and Design, 332 . pp. 252-266 ISSN: 0029-5493 (Print), (doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nucengdes.2018.03.039).

    Dihoru, Luiza , Oddbjornsson, Olafur, Kloukinas, Panos, Dietz, Matt , Horseman, Tony , Voyagaki, Elia , Crewe, Adam J. , Taylor, Colin A. , Steer, Alan G. (2017), The development of a physical model of an advanced gas cooled reactor core: Outline of the feasibility study. Elsevier. In: , , , . Elsevier, Nuclear Engineering and Design, 323 . pp. 269-279 ISSN: 0029-5493 (Print), (doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nucengdes.2017.01.012).