If you are from the EU, EEA, or Switzerland, your immigration status may change after Brexit. We've summarised all of the important information that you need to know.

Information last updated on 04/11/2019

The UK has extended its departure from the European Union (EU) and is currently due to leave on 31st January 2020, although it could be earlier if the UK parliament approves the withdrawal agreement in advance of this date.

Until this date, the UK remains a full member of the EU. Freedom of movement continues to apply and there is no restriction on the rights of EU/EEA/Swiss nationals (and their family members) to work, study, and live in the UK. 

After Brexit, you will not notice any immediate change to your immigration status. You (and your family members) are welcome to stay here and you can continue to live, study, and work in the UK, just as you do now.

Withdrawal Agreement

The UK is currently negotiating the terms of its withdrawal. A withdrawal agreement has been drafted, but it has not yet been ratified by the UK parliament. If the withdrawal agreement is not approved, the UK could leave the EU without an agreement (otherwise known as a 'no-deal' scenario) on 31st January 2020.

If the withdrawal agreement is approved, it is possible that the UK will leave the EU before 31st January 2020.

Resident in the UK before Brexit

Regardless of whether the UK leaves the EU with or without a deal, if you are resident in the UK before Brexit, you will not notice any immediate change to your immigration status.

If you want to stay in the UK after December 2020, you will need to apply for permission under the EU Settlement Scheme. Applications for this scheme are free and straightforward and you have until 31st December 2020 to apply.

If you intend to leave the UK permanently before 31st December 2020, you don't need to do anything.

Moving to the UK after Brexit

Nationals of the EU/EEA/Switzerland can continue to come to the UK to live, work, and study after Brexit.

You will not need to apply for a visa in advance but the arrangements that will apply to you depend on whether the UK leaves the EU with or without a deal.

With a deal

If the withdrawal agreement is ratified, and the UK leaves the EU with a deal, you (and your family members) will be eligible to apply for the EU Settlement Scheme, as long as you are resident in the UK before 31st December 2020.

Without a deal

If the UK leaves the EU without a deal and you were not resident in the UK before Brexit, you will not be eligible to apply for the EU Settlement Scheme. Instead, you will need to apply for European Temporary Leave to Remain (Euro TLR) if you wish to stay in the UK after 31st December 2020.

Travelling in and out of the UK

You should not see any major changes to the way you cross the border after Brexit, and you will remain free to come and go as you wish. Visas will not be required, at least until 31st December 2020.

  • If you have a modern passport with a chip, you can continue to use the e-gates at the airport.
  • You will still be able to enter the UK with an EU/EEA national ID card for a short time. However, we expect that this will be phased out in 2020, so you should make sure you have a valid passport.

We do not expect there to be any significant disruption to travel as a result of Brexit. However, we recommend that you avoid any non-essential travel on or around Brexit, just in case things do not proceed as smoothly as expected.

We also recommend that you start collecting evidence of your travel, as this may help you to demonstrate your UK residency when you apply under the EU Settlement Scheme. This should include flight tickets, passport stamps, landing cards, and boarding passes.

Leaving the UK for long periods of time

Please be aware that long periods of absence from the UK may affect how your UK residency is calculated when you apply under the EU Settlement Scheme.

Brexit policy is currently being finalised and changes occur frequently. We have made every effort to ensure that this information is correct at the time of writing but the information is subject to change. You should always refer to the official gov.uk website to ensure that you have up-to-date information: www.gov.uk/browse/visas-immigration/eu-eea-commonwealth